Cosmic collision made Mercury

The planet Mercury was born when a giant asteroid collided with another mystery world, an astronomer revealed yesterday.

The massive impact, 4.5 billion years ago, threw out so much material that Earth was splattered with the debris.

Mercury, 3,032 miles wide, is the closest planet to the sun and is visible for only a few days each year as an evening or morning star.

A UK scientist working in Switzerland used computers to simulate the impact that created the planet, the National Astronomy Meeting in Leicester were told.
Dr Jonti Horner, of the University of Bern, said: “Mercury is an unusually dense planet which suggests that it contains far more metal than would be expected for a planet of its size.

“We think it was created from a larger parent body that was involved in a catastrophic collision.”

A Mariner 10 image of Mercury, by Nasa, as it appears today is shown above.

© Paul Sutherland. Unauthorised reproduction forbidden.

Paul Sutherland

Paul Sutherland

I have been a professional journalist for nearly 40 years. I write regularly for science magazines including BBC Sky at Night magazine, BBC Focus, Astronomy Now and Popular Astronomy. I have also authored three books on astronomy and contributed to others.
Paul Sutherland

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Paul Sutherland

I have been a professional journalist for nearly 40 years. I write regularly for science magazines including BBC Sky at Night magazine, BBC Focus, Astronomy Now and Popular Astronomy. I have also authored three books on astronomy and contributed to others.

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